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  • Air Travel in Peru

    AEROCONTINENTE and LAN PERU are the only domestic airline flying to most major destinations in Peru:

    Strike: Train to Machu Picchu

    There are some much smaller airlines with only a few aircraft. TANS flies to Cusco, Tarapoto, Iquitos, Yurimaguas, Rioja, Juanjui and Pucallpa. AEROCONDOR flies to Cajamarca, Chimbote, Huanuco, Trujillo and Anta (Huaraz). LAN PERU flies to Arequipa and Cuzco (International flights to Miami and New York). T DOBLE A flies to Chachapoyas. TACA PERU is to start operations soon with flights to Cusco and Iquitos.

    ENAFER, the Peruvian train company, is on strike to protest the upcoming privatization of trains in Peru. The train tracks broken by protesters may be repaired by August 20, 1999.

    No trains are available from Cusco to Machu Picchu or Puno. It is unknown when train service will be up and running.

    If you’d like to hike the Inca Trail, take a tour bus to Km 82, then enter the trail at Km 88. Be aware that there may be no trains back, however, and that you may have to spend a few days at Aguas Calientes. If you don’t have time to hike the Inca Trail, you can get a bus to Km 82, and then hike along the train tracks to Machu Picchu, which takes about 10 hours.

    The South American Explorers Club is a not-for-profit, non-political, non-sectarian, scientific and educational organization that was founded in 1977 for the following purposes:

      • to advance and support all forms of scientific field exploration and research in South and Central America in such areas as biology, geography, anthropology, and archaeology, as well as to collect information on field sports such as whitewater running, mountaineering, caving, and others

     

      • to collect and distribute contributions donated for specific educational and scientific research projects that fall within the Club’s aims and purposes.

     

      • to further the exchange of information among scientists, explorers, and travelers of all nationalities with the purpose of advancing knowledge of South and Central America.

     

      • to collect and make available reliable information on all institutions, research centers, and organizations in South and Central America that benefit scientists, explorers, and travelers pursuing scientific and educational goals.

     

      • to promote greater interest in and appreciation for endangered peoples, wilderness conservation and wildlife protection.

    Also Read : Overview of Routes

    HomeReturn to South American Explorers Club Home Page


    The contact information below is for offices in Lima:

    AEROCONTINENTE
    Av. Pardo 651, Miraflores
    Sales 242-4242 or 433-1667
    Main Office 242-4260
    Fax 241-8098
    http://www.aerocontinente.com.pe

    TANS
    Av. Arequipa 5200, Miraflores
    Sales 575-3842 & 575-3843
    Main Office 445-7327
    Fax 445-7107
    E-mail: tans@blockbuster.com.pe

    AEROCONDOR
    Juan de Arona 781, San Isidro
    Sales 442-5663
    Main Office 422-4214
    Fax 221-5783

    LAN PERU
    Paz Soldan 225, San Isidro
    Sales 446-6995
    Main Office 215-1800
    Fax 215-1818

    TACA PERU
    Main Office 241-7077 or 446-0033
    http://www.grupotaca.com

    T DOBLE A
    Av. Pardo 640, Miraflores, Lima 18
    Sales 242-1980
    Fax 446-2120

    Outside of Peru contact your own travel agent. As far as we are aware LANPERU is the only airline that can be booked through on-line reservation systems such as Amadeus and Sabre. Currently, their prices for a one-way ticket from Lima to Cuzco start at $49. The SAE Cusco Clubhouse recommends LanPeru for safety, comfort and reliability over AeroContinente and Tans.

     


  • Overview of Routes

    Ruta Normal, The Normal Route. Approach from the Horcones Valley, through Northwest scree and snow slopes, up the west side to the summit. Challenging due to extreme weather conditions, especially freezing temperatures and winds. Suggested time needed, round-trip from North America: 3 weeks. Average climbing time: 11 days (3 to 14 days) from Plaza de Mulas, the standard base camp. Average descent time: 3 days to Puente del Inca. Not technically difficult. Zurbriggen’s route, 1897.

    Horcones Valley

    Ruta Glaciar de los Polacos, Relinchos Glacier, The Polish Route. Approach from Valle de las Vacas, through the northeast slopes to the East Face of the Glacier. Difficult. Requires crampons, ice axes, ropes. Suggested time needed, round-trip from North America: 4 weeks. Average climbing time: 15 days from Plaza Argentina. Average descent time: 5 days to Punta de Vacas. Polish Andes Expedition: S. Dasynski, K. Narkiewicz-Jodko, S. Osiecki, W. Ostrowski, 1934.

    Also Read ; Backpacking Guide for Beginners

    Cara Sur, The French Route, The South Face Route. Approach through the Horcones Inferior Valley, through very steep ice walls and exposed rock. Extremely difficult. French Expedition: A. Dagger, L. Berardini, E. Denis, P. Lesueur, G. Poulet, 1954.

    Other Routes:

    Newer routes tend to explore the South Face, which is broad and can be climbed in many ways. The West Face has only one route, with one variant that connects to it at 5800 m.

    Horcones Valley

    Filo Suroeste. Similar to the French Route, but approaches through the Horcones Valley to the southwest ridge. F. Grajales, F. Ibanez, F. and D. Marmillod, 1953.

    Ruta Agrentina. Runs through Valley of las Vacas to the southeast face. J. Jasson, E. Porcellana, G. Vieiro, 1966.

    Central Couloir. Runs between the French Route and the Ruta Argentina, 1966.

    Reinhold Messner. Soloed a direct finish to the French Route, 1974.

    Japanese Expedition. Another variation on the French Route on the South Face, 1981.


  • Aconcagua Climbing Information Packet

    The Aconcagua Climbing Information Packet covers

    • When to go
    • Weather
    • Routes
    • Health
    • Maps
    • Permits
    • Hotels
    • Guides and mules
    • Getting there
    • Day-by-day climbing reports from SAE members who have climbed Aconcagua
    • Equipment
    • Altitude sickness
    • Recommended reading.

    Want the Aconcagua Climbing Information Packet (Item #53)? Well, it’s $17.00 [Members $15.00] plus P&H. To order, fill out our on-line order form. This is a lengthy packet–we can’t e-mail this, so we’ll send it by regular mail.

    While not technical, Aconcagua is a highly underestimated climb. Traveling with Alpine Ascents and our nearly 30 years of experience, our knowledgeable, expert guides will greatly increase your chances of summiting and being safe on the mountain. Essential logistics like food prep, quality camps, porter options, and days on the mountain may seem like areas where you can “cut corners,” however we profess the importance of these details along with reasonable team sizes (many of our competitors end up combining teams and can have up to 20 people with just a few guides) are paramount to offering a superb experience.

    Over the last 25+ years we have developed a superb system on the mountain that affords you the best chance of proper acclimatization and summit success. Our Vacas Valley and Normal Route departures have numerous extra days built in to the itinerary, and we methodically ascend the mountain with renowned guide staff at the helm. With a seasonal location in Mendoza, we can respond to issues that arise quickly. A low climber-to-guide ratio offers us the ability to closely attend to climbers, which is important to success and safety.

    There may be many personal reasons to choose a particular guide service, but there are four main areas of concern that you should look at carefully: safety record, guides, in-country logistics, and pre-trip planning with the climber. In all four categories, Alpine Ascents ranks highest in the climbing industry. No other guide service has the safety record, quality of guides, finely honed programs, food, care, quality, and customer service that we offer.

    About South American Explorers

    Here are examples of what you’ll find in this information packet:

    Vacas Valley Route: This is the tried and true route that we have been offering since 1990. Quieter, more aesthetically pleasing, and a chance to traverse the mountain, this route employs three camps, and offers ample rest and extra days — Aconcagua at its finest. More about Vacas Valley Route

    Aconcagua Normal Route: This is a shorter and more direct route with lighter pack weight that builds porter support into the program (our Vacas Valley Route has porter options as well). This trip is competitively priced and includes acclimation days as well as a well-appointed Base Camp with less time on the higher mountain camps. More about Normal Route

    Aconcagua Climbing

    Overview of Route


  • About South American Explorers

     

    About South American Explorers

    The mission of the South American Explorers is to improve the social, economic and environmental conditions within South America by fostering greater awareness of this continent through the diffusion of information and cross cultural interaction

    Aims and Purposes

    South American Explorers is dedicated to:

    • Furthering the exchange of information among travelers and researchers
    • Promoting responsible travel through the publication of pamphlets, information packets, the internet, and our magazine, the South American Explorer
    • Publicizing projects aimed at improving social and environmental conditions in Latin America and collecting funds for their activities
    • Awakening greater interest and appreciation for the welfare of endangered peoples, wildlife protection, and wilderness conservation
    • Collecting information on volunteer and research opportunities
    • Fostering ties between non-profit organizations, NGO’S, and conservation groupsBack to the top

    American Explorers General Membership Services:

    Members of the South American Explorers receive:

    • A one-year subscription (four issues) to the South American Explorer magazine.
    • Access to our clubhouses in Quito, Lima and Cusco – trip reports, luggage storage, book exchange, mail and e-mail service etc.
    • Discounts at a number of lodges, hotels, travel agencies, language schools, and guides in Peru and Ecuador.
    • Help and advice from the friendly, knowledgeable club staff when planning trips and expeditions. Members can do their own information searches at any one of our clubhouses or solicit information by phone, mail, e-mail. It helps if we know when you plan to travel, the size of your budget, your interests, the number of people in your group, your preferred type of transportation, and anything else that will guide us in providing you with the most useful and detailed information possible. As a rule, the more specific your questions, the better our answers.
    • Discounts on books, tapes, maps, and other goods available from the club’s store.
    • Access to the club’s libraries, map collections, scientific reports, magazine and newspaper articles, theses, and books.
    • Networking, the art of bringing like-minded people together. Members looking for travel companions or who wish to contact experts in various fields can post notices to the SAE electronic bulletin board, or on the bulletin boards in the Lima, Quito and Cusco clubhouses. They can also place classified ads in the South American Explorer (For the first 25 words: Members–(noncommercial) $10, (commercial) $30. Non-members–(noncommercial)$20, (commercial)$40. Each additional word is 50 cents).
    • Additionally, members can call upon the SAE staff for help when emergencies or other problems arise.
    • The club will receive donations of money or goods for research and allocate these to worthy projects. Gifts by donors are tax deductible.

    6 Best Destinations for Backpacker to Visit in South America

    SAE Membership Categories

    Note: Prices are for US members. $10.00 will be added to overseas memberships, for postage.

    • Magazine subscription: $22/yr, $35/2 years. No benefits other than the pleasure of reading the magazine.
    • Regular ($50 individual, $80 couple): Benefits include all of the services listed above and a laminated rabid bat spittle-proof membership card.
    • Contributing ($80 individual, $125 couple): These members contribute immeasurably to the general cheer of the organization. These valued members receive a free SAE T-shirt in addition to the regular perks.
    • Supporting ($150 individual, $225 couple): As the name implies, these Members are virtual pillars, generously supporting their club in its heroic efforts. They also receive a free SAE t-shirt and may also bestow two free gift subscriptions to the South American Explorer at any time during the period of their Membership.
    • Life ($750 individual, $1,150.00 couple): Our worthy Life Members receive all the benefits of club membership during their mortal tour of this planet. Esteemed Life Members receive an SAE T-shirt and are encouraged to choose one of any of the items from our catalog. Life Members may also confer ten free gift subscriptions on their pals and cronies at any time.
    • Afterlife ($7,500 individual, $10,000 couple): As an Afterlife Member you will, of course, receive all the benefits bestowed upon Life Members as well as will face eternity with serenity, assured of your club’s perpetual gratitude. You will know the true meaning of immortality as you return each year to preside at the annual club bacchanal held in your honor. Imagine the envy of your fellow spirits when they witness this outpouring of affection and devotion to your revered memory, a blessed dividend of immortality that might have been theirs had they but followed your sublime example and shown but a mote of your greatness of heart during their brief and pointless jigs upon the stage of life.

  • 6 Best Destinations for Backpacker to Visit in South America

    Angel Falls – Venezuela

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    Settled inside Venezuela’s Canaima National Park, Angel Falls are the most elevated waterfalls on the planet.

    Albeit amazing, the climb into Angel Falls are by all account not the only reward. This wilderness trek is its own experience as a guide explores the fields, streams and mountains to uncover breathtaking waterfalls and tidal ponds.

    Explorers who overcome the trek profound into the wilderness are dealt with to tropical natural life in the zone including monkeys, harm bolt frogs and orchids.

     

    Torres del Paine – Chile

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    Torres del Paine National Park is situated in the Southern most district of Chile and for those ready to dare to Patagonia it offers bewildering climbing openings among ice sheets, lakes and blue mountains.

    Also Read: Top 5 Place to Visit in Peru

    Treks are accessible for differing knowledge levels on plainly stamped ways with alternatives for settlement and essential administrations. Those needing only an essence of its stunning perspectives can pick a day trip, while numerous others climb the prevalent five day “W” course. For the most daring, the full circuit can be finished 9 days.

     

    Salar de Uyuni – Bolivia

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    The world’s biggest salt level on the planet, salt and other copious minerals are looked for around there. Be that as it may, explorers know this zone as the world’s best photograph operation.

    Picture takers run here to catch the remarkable scene. Albeit dry season is prescribed for its boundless skyline point of view; the blustery season additionally gives Dali-propelled intelligent photographs that influence novice picture takers to look like experts.

    The salt pads are regularly part of a 3-4 day visit in Bolivia that guarantees to challenge desires and incorporate such strange stops as the Salt Hotel. This area learns about of this world.

     

    San Pedro de Atacama – Chile

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    San Pedro de Atacama used to be a goal while transporting dairy cattle and today has thrived into a noteworthy traveler goal.

    The star of the region is the Valle de Luna (Moon Valley) visit at nightfall. Explorers wonder as the leave transforms and gives an unspoiled setting to star looking.

    Be that as it may, the range has significantly more to offer with its perfectly hot, dry scenes that break the earth and hilly sand ridges. Visitors are taken by the town’s interesting appeal and frequently remain longer than anticipated for its many visit offerings of pits, gorge, holes, valleys and salt mines.


  • Top 5 Place to Visit in Peru

    Peru is a goal that asks to be investigated. In this huge and storied land, antiquated, frontier, and present day conventions merge together for a remarkable social affair. Regardless of the kind of voyager—history buff, globe-trotter, or foodie—Peru offers a bunch of exercises to fulfill each craving. It’s nothing unexpected that its antiquated locales, delightful geography, and different biological community draw in guests from everywhere throughout the world, making it a standout amongst the most mainstream goals in South America.

    Lima

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    Known as the City of the Kings, Lima is Peru’s capital city and an image of its Spanish pioneer history, industry, and autonomy.

    First-time guests should look at the neighborhood exhibition halls and get a preference for Peru’s profundity of history. Museo Larco has an antiquated accumulation of pre-Columbian shows of Peru’s indigenous individuals, where visitors can likewise appreciate wonderful greenery enclosures and an on location eatery.

    There’s no better approach to appreciate the beach front perspectives of Lima than in the lavish neighborhood of Miraflores. Walk around Parque del Amor, which offers breathtaking perspectives of the Pacific Ocean, or go to the antiquated mud pyramid of Huaca Pucllana for a measurements of history. You can visit amid the day or around evening time when lights make it an incredible sight. On the off chance that you have to make them shop in, the Larcomar is the place.

     

    Machu Picchu

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    This fundamental goal is presumably what drives the vast majority to visit Peru. Considered one of the new 7 Wonders of the World (close by overwhelming hitters, for example, the Great Wall of China and the Roman Colosseum) Machu Picchu doesn’t disillusion.

    A standout amongst the most vital approaches to get to Machu Picchu is through the Inca Rail, which leaves from Cusco or Ollantaytambo. The rail travel transports travelers through the stupendous perspectives of the Sacred Valley’s field. In addition, who doesn’t love a grand prepare ride?

    Also Read: Traveling Tips, Peru Weather, Coast, Jungle

    To visit Machu Picchu you have to purchase your ticket ahead of time of your trek. To help direct the measure of individuals who visit the site every day, there are a set number of tickets accessible. You can buy them online at the Ministerio de Cultura’s website page. The ticket acquiring site is just accessible in Spanish, so take after this guide.

    The climate here can be sensitive—radiant and warm one minute and dim and raining the following. Make sure to dress in layers, pack light, and bring waterproof coats and apparatus. Appreciate the view and the couple of local llamas and alpacas that call Machu Picchu their home!

    An awesome place to stay is the Inkaterra Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel, which is arranged in the cloud timberlands at the base of the Incan fortress. This normal wonderland is home to more than 200 winged animal species extraordinary to the locale and more than 300 types of orchid that develop among the winding stone pathways to the visitor rooms.

     

    Cusco

     

    On the off chance that you have some additional time and cash, consider a sustenance visit while in Lima. The Lima Gourmet Company offers morning and night visits for about $130. Searching for something less expensive? Haku Tours offers a wide assortment of gathering excursions not simply restricted to sustenance. It’s likewise an ideal approach to meet kindred explorers.

    Cusco’s fundamental square, the Plaza de Armas, is maybe the city’s most notorious site and a prime spot for a comfortable walk and people-viewing. The square is additionally encompassed by numerous mixed shops and eateries. The sensational Cusco Cathedral sits on outskirts of the square and is an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Archeological relics, ancient rarities, and frontier centerpieces are shown inside.

    In the wake of a prolonged day of visiting the city stop at the Museo del Pisco, which offers mixed drink classes and flight tastings of pisco, an unmistakably Peruvian aperitif. Kick back and appreciate the landscape.

    On the off chance that you have sufficient energy, there is a throughout the day journey from Cusco to the renowned Rainbow Mountain (otherwise called Vinicuna). The rise is high, so you have to contemplate that for the climb. It is certainly justified regardless of the trek as the site is staggering!

     

    The Amazon

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    The Peruvian Amazon covers around 60% of the nation and is a standout amongst the most naturally differing ranges on the planet. Prepare to get very close with natural life and unpleasant crawlers! Fun actuality: the famous boa constrictor calls these grounds its home.

    One of the simplest approaches to get to the Amazon is via plane from Cusco to Puerto Maldonado—a snappy, 50-minute flight. Book your stay at Inkaterra Hacienda Concepción, an eco-accommodating National Geographic Unique Lodge that offers a noteworthy cluster of visits.

    One champion experience offered to visitors is a visit to Lake Sandoval, home to stream otters, caimans, and howler monkeys­—to give some examples. Other not-to-miss enterprises are the guided night stroll through the Amazon wilderness (you’ll be seeing a potential assortment of frightening to adorable; tarantulas to kinkajous), the nightfall waterway outing, and the not-for-the-black out of-heart shelter walk.


  • Traveling Tips, Peru Weather, Coast, Jungle

    Peru’s seasons are the reverse of those in the northern hemisphere. Summer in Peru is from December to February and winter from July to September. There’s not a bad time to visit Peru, however as a very general recommendation the best time to visit the coast is during the summer (Dec-Feb) and the best time to visit the mountains is in the winter (Jul-Sept). The jungle is hot and steamy all year round with heavy rains in December and January.

    Peru weather

    Average Temperatures and Rainfall

    Lima Temperatures and Rainfall
    J F M A M J J A S O N D
    Av. High (F) 77 79 79 75 70 66 63 63 63 66 68 73
    Av. High (C) 25 26 26 24 21 19 17 17 17 19 20 23
    Av. Low (F) 66 68 66 65 61 59 57 56 56 57 61 63
    Av. Low (C) 19 20 19 18 16 15 14 13 13 14 16 17
    Wet Days 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 0

     

    Cusco Temperatures and Rainfall
    J F M A M J J A S O N D
    Av. High (F) 66 66 67 68 68 67 67 68 68 70 69 68
    Av. High (C) 19 19 19 20 20 19 19 20 20 21 20 20
    Av. Low (F) 44 44 44 41 37 34 34 34 39 42 43 43
    Av. Low (C) 7 7 7 5 3 1 1 1 4 6 6 6
    Wet Days 16 12 10 7 4 3 2 2 6 8 10 14

     

    Peru is separated up into three unmistakable topographical areas: the drift, the mountain good countries and the wilderness.

    The Mountain Highlands (Cusco, Lake Titicaca, and so on)

    Mid April – October.

    This period is the dry season, with hot, dry days and cool, dry evenings, regularly floating simply above solidifying, especially in June and July. May is maybe the greatest month with the farmland especially lavish, yet with sublime perspectives and fine climate. You’ll discover the blossoms in full sprout, the grass green and the streams full.

    Peru’s high season is from June to August which matches with the dry season and summer occasions in North America and Europe. You’ll discover Cusco an entirely cosmopolitan city with sightseers from everywhere throughout the globe merging on Machu Picchu.

    November – Mid April

    This is the wet season with most rain in January and February. It’s generally evident and dry most mornings with upheavals of overwhelming precipitation in the evenings. The day by day temperatures are commonly mellow with just a little drop during the evening.

    The Inca Trail is significantly less swarmed amid this period and there’s a more bounteous new water supply, obviously be all around prepared for the rain. You’ll likewise discover a few streets may end up plainly closed especially when attempting to visit towns off the beaten track.

    Huge numbers of Peru’s significant celebrations, for example, Carnival and Easter Week happen amid this period.

    The Coast (Lima, Nasca, Arequipa).

    December – April

    This is mid year on the drift where the climate is hot and dry and perfect for swimming and getting a tan. Temperatures all things considered range from 25-35C. There is next to zero rain amid these months. The shorelines around Lima and the North can stuffed amid the periods of January and February which agree with school occasions.

    May – November

    From May to November the temperature drops a bit and you’ll discover covers of ocean fog overwhelming the drift from the south up to around 200 km north of Lima. During this season just the northern shorelines, for example, Mancora and Punta Sal are sufficiently warm to give wonderful swimming.

    The Jungle

    April – October

    This is the dry season with day by day temperatures averaging 30-35C. However cool fronts from the South Atlantic are normal when the temperatures can drop to 15C amid the day and 13C around evening time.

    The dry season is the best time to visit the wilderness districts as there are less mosquitoes and the waterways are low, uncovering the shorelines. It’s additionally a decent time to see settling and to see the creatures at short proximity, as they remain nearby to the waterways and are all the more effectively observed.

    November – March

    This is the wet season, hot and muggy, when you can expect substantial rain at whenever. It downpours for a couple of hours on end, so it’s insufficient to ruin your trek. Wellington boots are an absolute necessity however, as a portion of the wilderness trails can turn out to be little streams.